Sample : Catalog


Small Causes

Large Fires

In Germany more than 220.000 damages in households caused from fires are reported. The estimated number of unreported cases is much higher. During the Christmas season alone the German insurance industry reports more than 14,000 additional fire damages per year.

- Television sets, toasters and other electrical/electronic devices are the most frequent causes of fires in particular because they are permanently in the standby mode.

- Defective electrical equipment in a vehicle can be responsible for a car to start burning.

- Most fires in the kitchen result from self-ignition of edible oils and fats heated up during cooking.

- Every child is fascinated with fire and has an innate curiosity and urge to play with matches, lighters, candles, etc. — particularly when their parents are not present.

It can happen faster than you think, and then each and every second counts

Classes of Fire and Flammable Materials

Fire is a thermal reaction, in which three components are involved: Oxygen, heat and a fuel. When fighting fire, at least one of these three components muss be cutoff, in order to stop the reaction. Depending upon the type of fuel involved, fires are divided into different classes:

Fire Class A.Solid Materials Fires of solid materials which are primarily organic in nature, and normally glow and develops embers while burning, such as wood, coal, paper or textiles.

Fire Class B . Liquids
Fires of liquids, such as gasoline, alcohol or lighter fluid. In addition, solids which develop into liquids as the temperature rises, like wax.

Fire Class C . Gases
such as ethane, hydrogen and natural gas

Fire Class D . Metals

Fire Class F • Fats
Fires of edible fats and oils in deep fryers fat based cooking appliances as well as other kitchen equipment and devices. Fat fires require special fire extinguishing agents since the danger of a fat explosion (eruption of burning fat) exists. This is caused by the spontaneous evaporation of overheated water contained in liquid fire extinguishing agents